Sponsoring your spouse, common-law partner, or dependent children to become permanent residents of Canada is an option if you meet the eligibility criteria. Here’s an overview of what’s required:
- You must be at least 18 years old.
- You should be a Canadian citizen, permanent resident, or an Indian registered in Canada under the Canadian Indian Act.
- If you’re a Canadian citizen living abroad, you must demonstrate your intention to reside in Canada once the person you sponsor becomes a permanent resident. However, permanent residents living outside of Canada cannot sponsor someone.
- You must be able to provide financial support to the sponsored individuals and ensure they don’t require government assistance.
- Generally, there’s no strict income requirement to sponsor your spouse, partner, or dependent child. However, you may need to prove sufficient income if specific conditions apply, such as sponsoring a dependent child who has dependent children.
- You can sponsor your spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, or dependent children.
- No gender restriction, but must be legally married to you.
- A minimum age of 18 is required.
- Not legally married to you but has lived with you for at least 12 consecutive months.
- Must be at least 18 years old.
- Not legally married or in a common-law relationship with you.
- Must be at least 18 years old and have been in a relationship with you for at least 1 year.
- Lives outside Canada due to significant legal or immigration reasons.
- Under 22 years old and don’t have a spouse or common-law partner.
- Biological children 22 years or older may qualify if they are unable to support themselves due to a mental or physical condition and have depended on their parents for financial support since before the age of 22.
- All required forms and documents must be provided with the application.
- Additional information may be requested during processing, including medical exams and biometrics.
- Outland Sponsorship and
- Inland Sponsorship.
Age and Citizenship/Permanent Residency Status:
Financial Support and Income Requirements:
Who Can You Sponsor:
Eligibility of the Sponsored Individuals:
By meeting these criteria and providing the necessary documentation, you can proceed with sponsoring your spouse, partner, or dependent children for permanent residency in Canada. It’s essential to ensure compliance with all requirements and seek assistance if needed during the application process.
Spousal sponsorship plays a significant role in Canada’s immigration landscape, offering Canadian citizens and permanent residents the opportunity to sponsor their spouses, common-law partners, or conjugal partners for Canadian permanent resident status.
When applying for spousal sponsorship in Canada, couples have two primary options:
Outland Sponsorship typically involves applications where the sponsored person resides abroad while the Canadian sponsor resides in Canada. Throughout the application process, the sponsored individual may enter and exit Canada as needed, provided they are from a visa-exempt country or obtain the necessary Canadian visa. Meanwhile, the Canadian sponsor must remain in Canada during the application processing period. Applications from outside Canada are processed by the visa office serving the applicant’s country of origin or the country where they have legally resided for at least one year.
Inland Sponsorship, on the other hand, requires both spouses to reside together in Canada, with the sponsored partner holding temporary status in Canada as a worker, student, or visitor. The sponsor and applicant must cohabit in Canada throughout the application processing period, and this type of sponsorship application is filed within Canada. Foreign spouses with legal temporary status in Canada may apply for an Open Work Permit while their Inland sponsorship application is processed, allowing them to work for any Canadian employer, thus easing potential financial strain during the processing period.
Frequently asked Questions
Can my spouse visit me while awaiting a Canadian Spouse Sponsorship Visa?
Yes, spouses may join their Canadian partners during the application process. However, there's no special visa or status for spouses awaiting processing. It's important to note that having a pending permanent residence application may complicate obtaining a temporary or visitor visa.
Can my spouse work in Canada during the application process?
Yes, through the Open Work Permit program, spouses and common-law partners of Canadians or permanent residents can work in Canada while their Inland sponsorship application is processed, provided they meet specific criteria.
Can my spouse or partner stay with me in Canada during the application process?
Yes, spouses can stay in Canada during processing, maintaining their legal status. They may need to apply for a Visitor Record to extend their stay if necessary.
Can I leave Canada while my sponsorship application is in process?
Yes, you can leave Canada during processing but you must ensure you meet eligibility requirements for re-entry.
How do I choose between Outland and Inland applications?
Both options have their advantages. Outland applications may be suitable if the sponsored partner can travel to Canada but cannot stay during processing, while Inland applications offer the opportunity for the spouse to apply for an open work permit, allowing them to work in Canada during processing.